Social Learning Theory (SLT) is based on a number of many internal concepts, a few generally familiar to educators (like " reinforcement" ) and some not (like " reciprocal determinism" ). Almost all of the published ideal for SLT will be lengthy and research oriented. Therefore , SLT can seem complicated and challenging to educators. In attempts to present it simply and evidently, only the essential concepts will probably be explored detailed. Table one particular, excerpted with minor adjustments from " Theory quickly: A Guide intended for Health Promotion Practice" (1997), presents explanations and applications for each in the six essential concepts. Examples of the half a dozen key ideas as they connect with sexuality education are presented in Stand 2 . Desk 1
1 . ExpectationsIndividual's beliefs regarding likely results of actions. Incorporate information about likely outcomes of recommended action. installment payments on your Observational LearningIndividual's beliefs based upon observing other folks like personal and/or obvious physical results of wanted behavior. Point out others' knowledge, physical improvements; identify function models to emulate. three or more. Behavioral CapabilityKnowledge and abilities needed to impact behavior. Provide information and training regarding action. some. Self-EfficacyConfidence in ability to do something and persist in action. Point out strengths; make use of persuasion and encouragement; approach behavior difference in small steps. 5. Testing DeterminismBehavior changes resulting from conversation between person and environment; change is definitely bi-directional. Entail the individual and relevant other folks; work to modify the environment, if warranted. six. ReinforcementResponses into a person's patterns that increase or cure the chances of recurrence. Provide incentives, rewards, compliment; encourage self-reward; decrease chance of negative reactions that prevent positive improvements. For instances of what the 6 key ideas look like the moment applied to relatives life/sexuality education, review Stand 2 under: Table a couple of
ConceptAbstinence Education ExampleCorrect Condom Use Education Example 1 ) ExpectationsYouth assume that using the refusal method will continue to work without unsettling their partners. Youth believe that using condoms will keep them safe from pregnant state and/or sexually transmitted infections. 2 . Observational LearningYouth notice modeling of the refusal approach (saying " no" to sexual activity) in class. Junior observe modeling of how to effectively put on a condom. 3. Behavioral CapabilityYouth gain information about celibacy and the refusal method and also practice using the refusal method. Youth gain information about condom use and practice how to effectively put on a condom. 4. Self-EfficacyYouth feel self-confident they can use the refusal version correctly. Youngsters feel confident they can use condoms correctly. five. Reciprocal DeterminismYouth place a great advertisement in the local paper promoting teen celibacy. Youth study condom availableness in community stores and get identified retailers to carry certain brands. 6. ReinforcementYouth obtain praise for proper practice of the refusal model. Youngsters have great associations with abstaining via sex such as, " abstaining keeps me personally healthy, " and " abstaining lets me focus on school" that will self-reward their abstinence in the future. Youngsters receive reward for correct condom demo. Youth include positive associations connected with condom use including, " It will keep me personally healthy, " and " I can loosen up and enjoy me personally more" that will self-reward all their condom utilization in the future.
Using social learning theory as being a conceptual structure to examine determinants of teen marijuana employ.
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Bibliography: so , your research uses cultural learning theory (Bandura, 1977) as a conceptual framework to
look into how these types of factors may possibly impact thinking and motives to use marijuana--both
advertisments. Stephenson et al. (1999) assess the performance of antimarijuana ads
targeting large sensation searchers
often fragmentary in mother nature. For example , lines of exploration include a concentrate on features of
the individual including sensation searching for (Everett & Palmgreen, 1995; Palmgreen ou al.,
2002; David et al., 2006), or perhaps on examining unintended associated with interpersonal
conversation about marijuana inside teensвЂ great example of such (David et al., 2006)
Rhodes ain al., 2002; Symons ain al., 2003; Brickell et al., 2006; Everson ou al., 2007).
Studies within the exercise, drinking, and drug domain consistently find attitude as the
most popular primary predictor of purpose. For instance, Hagger et 's., (2007)
demonstrated that attitude significantly forecasted intentions for exercise, going on a, and three or more
binge drinking. Finally, especially for issues of sensation looking for and marijuana use,
attitude was found as the strongest predictor of intentions (Donohew ain al., 1990,
Donohew et ing., 1994).
A review of one particular prominent U. S
life time marijuana make use of, and approximately six percent report utilization in the past month (14. 6th
million) (National Study on Medication Use and Health, 2005)
grade students have continued to be relatively stable
in the last 5 years (Johnston ainsi que al., 2003)
despite the fact that america has allotted billions of dollars to fight the problem
(Hornik et al., 2001)
decreasing (Hornik et approach., 2001), this has not prevented the United States via allocating
a great deal of funds to attempt to reduce it